How do I know if someone has been negligent?

In some cases, it is obvious that another party has been negligent. For example, in a road traffic accident it is often clear that one party’s bad driving has caused injury to another.

However, it some cases, it is not so clear. Individuals, companies and public bodies must meet certain standards of care laid down by statutes and also in various court cases, and often these standards must be examined closely by the court before liability is determined.